Penryn Mightier Than Conroe

"Intel's upcoming 45nm processor, is the talk of the town. Read on to find out more..."

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News <script type="text/javascript" src=""></script> Posted 29/01/07
Author: PV5150
Source: The Inquirer

Intel logo

Intel and its 45nm Penryn processor, are the talk of the town. The tech community, and pc enthusiasts alike, are eagerly awaiting the opportunity to get their hands on this new breed of processor. So what is the attraction towards Penryn? Will Penryn live up to the precedent set by 'Conroe'? Let's have a look at what we can expect from Intel's next generation.

The 45nm process-technology promises to put an end to leakage current runaway and allows the placing of roughly twice as many transistors per area compared to the hitherto used 65 nm (1264) process. Yield analysis is good at this point and the A0 silicon running is no small accomplishment.

Penryn yield

On January 26, 2007, Intel went public with the demonstration of their first processor core - codename Penryn - manufactured on a 45 nm dry lithography and running several operating systems at roughly over 2 GHz core speed. The manufacturing process - P1266 - has been working since January 2006 for the manufacture of the highest density SRAM cell array in the industry and is based on bringing back metal gates into the transistors while replacing the (SiO2) insulator with a precision-manufactured hafnium alloy High-k substrate using ALD technology.

Old gate vs New

Intel's metal gates under electron microscope

The details are complex but the basic premise is higher frequencies, smaller transistors and higher density while lowering electrical leakage and maintaining a reliable manufacturer process.

Intel also mentioned that Penryn will have 410 million transistors on a dual core processor compared to the 290 million or so on a Conroe. The majority of these extra transistors will be in the form of cache though some are for the addition of SSE4 instructions. It has been suggested that 8MB L2 cache will be the new standard per core.

Penryn Die

Intel are currently running ahead of schedule with two fabrication facilities in the US operational at 45nm by the end of the year and another in Israel in 2008. We can expect that performance and performance-per-watt will continue upwards, just as we saw with the introduction of the 'Conroe' processor last year. Regardless of what Penryn is going to deliver in performance, let's hope AMD are able to introduce something special in order to remain competitive in 2007 through 2008.

Feel free to discuss this article in our forum

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Most Recent Comments

28-01-2007, 13:00:19

Well you can use them legally

28-01-2007, 13:12:40


Well you can use them legally

hmmm, maybe having backups is legal, but i'm sure there is something along the line that is illigal. Such as the modchip.

28-01-2007, 13:22:56

It`s illegal if I back it up and give it to u.

28-01-2007, 13:24:24

Only illegal when you start passing backup disks around actually. Which is why these modchips continue to come out. I've modded a few Xbox1's for anythign from backup games to one guy wanted a 400gb harddrive which he filled with movies from blockbuster (a unlimited rental pass :P)

28-01-2007, 14:05:54

i modded my xbox 1 for xbmc, brilliant software. It just needs tv recoring features. Maybe they will come when iptv comes along.

28-01-2007, 14:37:58

PP Mguire
That will most likely be for the 360 instead. When will they come out with a modchip to make the PS3 cheaper and not suck?

28-01-2007, 17:03:13

they will always find a way to mod something. sometimes they are handy other times not.

If it keeps those who want them happy then fair enough, some people see it as a way to get games cheaply, others out of necessity for other region playability.

Each to their own as they say

28-01-2007, 18:12:53

Whatever happened to Datel ?

They used to be a company that brought out `cartridges` that did the same thing, in addition to adding 3rd party hardware, other systems controllers and monitoring tools.

Nice gadgety company.

28-01-2007, 18:48:46

Nice to see the modding community get behind the Wii so quickly. Datel I believe bought the GameShark name, and then they disappeared.

29-01-2007, 12:25:55

Just been annouced that there is another modchip coming out next week called the Cyclowiz.

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